Nausea and Vomiting – Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Nausea and Vomiting

Nausea and vomiting are the body’s reaction to some reasons that include overeating, infection, throat irritation, or stomach problems. Persistent or recurrent nausea and vomiting require examination by a doctor. It is necessary to consult a doctor if nausea and vomiting occur in the following cases:

  • After receiving severe or spoiled food,
  • After medication,
  • Repeatedly for 48 hours or longer
  • In combination with intense vertigo.

It is necessary to ask a doctor if the following symptoms accompany nausea and vomiting:

  • Yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes,
  • Pain in the chest or lower abdomen,
  • Trouble swallowing or urinating,
  • Dehydration or thirst,
  • Drowsiness or confusion,
  • Persistent, severe abdominal pain.

Causes of vomiting and nausea

Persistent, unexplained or recurrent nausea and vomiting can be a symptom of various serious diseases. The causes of nausea and vomiting may be overeating or drinking too much alcohol. These symptoms may happen as an effect of stress, the use of certain drugs or due to disease. For example, people who are administered morphine or other opioid medicines for pain relief after surgery, often nauseous from these medications.

Nausea and vomiting

Such toxic substances such as arsenic and other heavy metals also cause nausea and vomiting. Morning sickness may be due to pregnancy or hormonal changes. Motion sickness can be caused by traveling by plane or ship. Many people experience nausea after consuming contaminated food or foods to which they are allergic. Individuals who suffer from migraines often experience nausea, as well as cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, patients with gastroenteritis and gastric ulcer. A physician should evaluate all these causes and symptoms of nausea and vomiting.

It causes nausea and vomiting sometimes lie in the psychological state of man. Some people experience them in such conditions of emotional stress as family scandals, traveling by plane, and similar stressful situations. Also, the certain eating disorder characterized by spontaneous vomiting.

Nausea and vomiting in children

To the doctor should contact if your child has severe vomiting and blood, if vomit looks like feces, if he cannot usually eat for more than 24 hours, if the child shows signs of dehydration, it seems very sluggish.

An ambulance should be requested quickly if the following occurs:

  • Baby’s mouth and tongue arid,
  • The child has a very fast heartbeat and breathing,
  • Baby cries without tears,
  • His sunken eyes,
  • Is suspected diabetic shock,
  • Nausea and vomiting occur with symptoms of viral infection
  • The child has a severe headache,
  • He sweats heavily, experiencing chest pain and has trouble breathing,
  • If you suspect an overdose drugs
  • A child swallows a poisonous substance,
  • The child has a high fever, muscle cramps and other symptoms of heat exhaustion or heat stroke,
  • Nausea, vomiting and sensitive problems occur after exposure to a known allergen.

Nausea and vomiting: Diagnosis

Diagnosis based on the severity, frequency, and duration of the symptoms and other factors, which could indicate the presence of severe disease. The analysis based on a thorough medical history, which includes products that are affected in recent times tried its movement and occupation.

In some cases, the physician may prescribe laboratory tests or other tests to determine the presence of narcotic or poisonous substances in human blood or urine, traumatic brain injuries or disorders in the gastrointestinal tract. If nausea and vomiting appear to be associated with anxiety, stress, or an eating disorder, your doctor may suggest the patient to a psychiatrist for more assessment.

Nausea and vomiting: Treatment

Solve the problem of nausea in some cases can help the fresh air and relaxation. The use of olives, crackers can soothe your stomach; these products absorb the acid and excess fluid. Absorption of lemon is another proven remedy for nausea.

Nausea and vomiting

Artificial vomiting relieves nausea even better but can cause dehydration. Juices, weak tea, and some other drinks in small amounts to help replace lost fluids and minerals without irritating the stomach.

Babies, young children under the age of two years, it is best to give oral rehydration solution. The medicine you need to take one teaspoon, at regular intervals, starting after 30-60 minutes after the vomiting has stopped. The food should be introduced into the diet gradually, a few hours after the vomiting has stopped, since a small amount of dry, soft foods such as crackers and toast.

Medication against nausea and vomiting are called antiemetic. Medications for motion sickness and reduce the feeling of nausea. Other drugs that have been developed for the treatment of nausea and vomiting after surgery. Or chemotherapy includes ondansetron and granisetron. When administered intravenously, the additional fluid before surgery, the risk of nausea after the procedure is reduced.

Alternative treatment of vomiting and nausea

Proponents of alternative treatments for nausea and vomiting suggest biofeedback, acupressure, as well as the use of herbs to soothe the stomach.

Biofeedback uses exercises and deep relaxation for nausea control. Acupressure can be applied to the back of the jaw, the upper part of the foot, the inside of the wrist and the chest. Acupuncture for nausea is a very efficient method, but it has some side effects.

Chamomile pharmacy or lemon balm can also effectively relieve the symptoms of vomiting and nausea. Ginger – is another powerful natural remedy to relieve these unpleasant symptoms.

Prevention of nausea and vomiting

Massage, meditation, yoga and other relaxation techniques can help prevent stress-induced nausea. Drugs anti-nausea, taken before the trip, to avoid motion sickness.

Nausea and vomiting

Food should be fresh and properly cooked. Avoid overeating, tight fitting clothing, and strenuous activity immediately after a meal. Vomiting associated with the mood disorder can be prevented using psychotherapy.

Prolonged vomiting may lead to fluid and electrolyte depletion. Nausea may limit the appetite, eventually, result in problems in eating.

Parents should be especially concerned about the prolonged vomiting in children aged up to two years. It is especially dangerous if the diarrhea is accompanied by vomiting which accelerates the loss of fluids and electrolytes. Parents should consult a pediatrician about treatment options if a child under the age of six months is vomiting several times within a few hours.

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