What is Gastritis – Symptoms, Treatment of the Disease

What is Gastritis?

Contents

Gastritis Symptoms and Treatment of the Disease – Gastritis often gives no clear signs and symptoms are sometimes similar to symptoms of other diseases of the digestive system. Gastritis is also called gastric catarrh. Another proliferation name – ilnflammation of the stomach.

In medicine, Gastritis distinguishes acute and chronic.  Acute and chronic Gastritis is equally dangerous because it can lead to bleeding and extensive ulceration (gastric ulcer).

With Gastritis cannot joke, not a cure Gastritis facing multiple complications.

Gastritis stomach is often the case, due to the actions of chemicals or pathogenic bacteria. If Gastritis symptoms occur acutely manifested by pain in the epigastric region, nausea, sometimes vomiting eaten food with mucus, bile, cumulative fatigue. In the case of complications of Gastritis, added signs of lowering blood pressure, the patient noted pale skin, rapid heartbeat, sometimes increases the body temperature.

Symptoms of chronic Gastritis with normal or elevated acidity – is constipation and heartburn after meals and acidic contents. After the food, the patients complain of a feeling of heaviness after eating. If there are signs and symptoms of Gastritis with high acidity, we speak of epigastric abdominal pain, heartburn, sometimes vomiting. Patients with high acidity of gastric juice and tormented night hunger pains, which extend when the patient eats something.

For patients with moderate acidity, Gastritis symptoms are nausea, especially in the morning. Bad taste in the mouth, loss of appetite, rumbling in the abdomen, patients suffer from diarrhea or constipation. Often, patients regurgitate air. Chronic Gastritis symptoms of the disease – it is a nasty taste in the mouth, nausea, epigastric overflow, drooling, loss of appetite and weight loss, and symptoms of general decline forces, and anemia, dyspepsia.

Gastritis

Catarrhal Gastritis symptoms

Gastritis symptoms and treatment may be different. Catarrhal Gastritis (simple) – the most common. Its cause is intemperance in eating and drinking, the idiosyncrasy of silt that kind of food or medicine poisoning. Also, catarrhal Gastritis may be caused by infection by eating stale food, food poisoning. After the cessation of the stimulus, the mucous can regenerate itself. ¬Catarrhal Gastritis appears in four or eight hours after the exposure occurred when a negative factor. One of the symptoms of catarrhal Gastritis can be called a pain in his stomach, a feeling of saturation of the stomach followed by nausea and vomiting may upset the entire digestive tract, and progression and complications, a small increase in temperature to 37 – 38 degrees. Symptoms of vertigo can be added, the appearance of weakness and poor health of the patient as a whole.

Corrosive Gastritis symptoms

Corrosive Gastritis – this type is associated with exposure to aggressive stomach liquids such as acids and alkalis, causing them to burn (chemical burns of the mucous). Peptic ulcer disease is a frequent complication of erosive Gastritis, as it affects not the superficial layers of the mucous membrane of the walls and deeper with scarring of the stomach.

  • Gastritis giant hypertrophic symptoms
  • Symptoms of gastroenteritis

Gastritis with high acidity

This Gastritis gastric mucosal pathology because gastric acid secretion was functioning. Gastritis with high acidity (hyperacid Gastritis) patients reports pain only during the exacerbation of the disease. Gastritis with acidity which symptoms usually expressed a feeling of heaviness in the stomach, the pain is mild, not sharp. The symptoms of Gastritis often start after a meal. Maybe hungry pain, which is more intense than the first. When engaging in the painful process of the bowel, patients suffer from constipation, pain becomes extensive in nature, spreading to the entire abdominal section. Disrupted the whole digestive tract of the patient body. It appears dyspepsia: heartburn, acid regurgitation, nausea, unpleasant taste in the mouth.

Gastritis with high acidity is characterized by a change of exacerbations and remissions but without a pronounced seasonality. Gastritis with high acidity in the initial symptoms is mild and hardly noticeable to the patient.

The reasons for the appearance of Gastritis are varied; it is a tradition and smoking, abuse of too hot and spicy food, alcohol. Do not rule out a genetic predisposition of the patient. Most often suffer from Gastritis hyper acid in young people who eat cold food, halting sandwiches, hot dogs and drinking all Coca-Cola is the very bad effect on the stomach smoking, in particular on an empty stomach, empty stomach. In modern medicine, are not inclined to diagnose Gastritis with high or low acidity, and the appointment of strict diets and all blamed everything on the bacterium Helicobacter. Treatment is aimed at the destruction of Helicobacter antibiotics.

Now there are three types of Gastritis with high acidity

High acidity Gastritis  Cause
The Gastritis type A Genetic predisposition
Gastritis type B The bacterium Helicobacter
The Gastritis type C Action chemicals

The reason may be reflux Gastritis, which is caused by a hernia of esophagus apertures of fullness, pressure, intra-abdominal fat in the stomach contents. Frequent symptoms of Gastritis, heartburn there.

Acute Gastritis symptoms

The aggravation of Gastritis – is an intense sharp pain with nausea and vomiting, symptoms of the severe form of the patient. Often the patient is bloating. Acute Gastritis is due to gross violations of the nutritional, genetic predisposition to disease. Acute Gastritis, chronic Gastritis rolling in successive phases of remission (an imaginary recovery) results in a plague, and that provokes dangerous cancer.

Age indicators Gastritis does not get sick, and young and old people.

Acute Gastritis Treatment starts with washing the 2% solution of sodium bicarbonate or alkaline mineral water and holding the bowel cleansing (enema).

If you suspect that the bacterium Helicobacter pylori prescribed antibiotic therapy. Be sure to assign the absorbent means:

  • steatite,
  • Activated carbon,
  • Maalox

Chronic Gastritis Symptoms and Treatment

If you do not pay attention to the symptoms and pain, Gastritis becomes chronic with alternating exacerbations and imaginary improvement and recovery. It is necessary to break the diet and chronic Gastritis symptoms back again. Exclude the impact of dilution factors and go through a full course of treatment by a specialist gastroenterologist. In some cases, chronic Gastritis and its symptoms occur without giving clear signs of stomach disease.

The leading causes of chronic Gastritis:

  • abnormal diet,
  • infection (Helicobacter pylori infection)
  • mucosa due to trauma destruction
  • autoimmune mechanisms

Acute erosive Gastritis symptoms

It is characterized by the following features:

  • abdominal pain on an empty stomach or 1 – 1.5 hours after ingestion,
  • heartburn,
  • belching,
  • nausea and vomiting
  • the appearance of dark vomit blood clots form in the veins or
  • dark,

Symptoms of chronic atrophic Gastritis and autoimmune

  • bloating, heaviness in the stomach after eating,
  • dull pain immediately after a meal or 15-20 minutes,
  • Nausea after ingestion,
  • constipation or diarrhea,
  • Loss of appetite,
  • unpleasant taste in the mouth,
  • weight loss,
  • severe weakness, drowsiness, irritability
  • belching foul, putrid odor,
  • bloating, rumbling in the abdomen, bloating,
  • Anemia, brittle and dry hair, nails bundle.

Autoimmune Gastritis Symptoms

It is this type of disease in which the body in the form of immune response starts to “eat” your stomach. The immune system starts to behave aggressively towards him in the stomach and the cells rather than germs and infections (autoimmune disease). The cause for such a reaction may be a hereditary factor and the effect of Helicobacter bacteria.

Gastritis

While the Gastritis is not dangerous for the patient’s life, but the consequences of his equally formidable, such as stomach ulcers, open bleeding cancer. Patients with Gastritis are inferior living life. Quality reduced their torment pain after eating, nausea and vomiting. Patients lose weight fast, their torments heartburn, bleeding lead to anemia. Disrupt the work of the entire digestive tract, resulting in the aggravation of other diseases. Do not tighten your visit to the doctor, start the treatment in time.

Diagnostics Gastritis

Diagnosis of Gastritis, the doctor puts the patient by complaints from the mandatory carrying out a gastroscopy. Gastritis Treatment is prescribed according to the gastroscopy; the doctor can detect all the nuances of Gastritis: swelling, redness degree of atrophy, the presence of erosions and the prevalence of the process, struck the entire stomach inflammation or only its separate parts or sections.

There is a range of measures for the diagnosis of Gastritis, and the simplest and most frequent can be called a complete blood count (indices of blood cells: white blood cells, platelet count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate). In general, a blood test is often in patients with autoimmune Gastritis have symptoms of anemia with a lack of vitamin B12. Anemia – macrocytosis of erythrocytes with Jolly corpuscles. Your doctor may also order tests for occult blood.

It will help in the diagnosis of Gastritis and blood chemistry. The biochemical analysis of blood parameters look at protein and blood protein fractions, serum vitamin B12 indicators determination digestive enzymes.

In the diagnosis of gastric ulcer:

  • General urine analysis;
  • Cytology Biopsy of the mucous membrane;
  • Histological analysis mucosa.

X-ray is not currently doing and is used only at the time of diagnosis for diseases such as gastric cancer, peptic ulcer disease. Clinically, the symptoms of Gastritis and these conditions are similar, but the patient does not give you the opportunity to gastroscopy: an old man’s age, accompanied by severe heart disease, lung, etc. The effectiveness of X-rays at the present stage, of course, a low acid test method using tablets informative enough for the doctor.

Gastroscopy can detect swelling of the mucous membrane, micro-bleeding, erosion. To eliminate the symptoms of Gastritis are similar to acute myocardial infarction, a sick person does an electrocardiogram, pain, in this case, may not be the area of the heart and the stomach. When probing study the stomach and its secretary function, measure the pH of the patient’s gastric juices.

Medication treatment of Gastritis

Gastritis treatment aimed to reduce gastric acidity. To do this, use the following honey. drugs:

  • alma gel, Aluminum phosphate gel;
  • ranitidine,
  • famotidine;
  • platifillin,
  • atropine;
  • Astrin,
  • pyrene,
  • gastropin;
  • omeprazole
  • rabeprazole

From folk treatments for Gastritis is not bad proven enveloping substances based on a decoction of flax seed treatment with white clay, steatite. To normalize digestive function in the treatment of Gastritis Female prescribe medications containing:

  • pancreatin
  • festal,
  • Digital,
  • medium forte, panzinorm

When Gastritis with acidity, caused by bacteria are treated with antibiotics:

  • omeprazole
  • esomeprazole,
  • pilorid,
  • clarithromycin
  • tindazol,

Treatment of Gastritis is usually associated with the appointment of patient diet. The appointed diet excludes such products, which cause irritation of the stomach with a high secretion: pickles, spicy seasonings salted, smoked dishes.

Prevention Gastritis

First and foremost in the diet for Gastritis, start to eat healthy food and the right to distribute the meals, balancing your diet in proteins, fats, carbohydrates.

Gastritis

Mandatory condition – not to overeat! It is better to eat often, but gradually than all at once. Have pity on your stomach does not ship it without measure.

Don’t eat before going to bed; the last meal should be no later than 4:00 before bedtime, ideally, but at least an hour or two. Better to eat at the same time, it will tune in the stomach for digestion. Do not eat some sandwiches and hot dogs, food must include first and second. Do not misuse too, oily and spicy food. Avoid smoked at least a normalization of the function of digestion time; these products are difficult to digest.

Quit smoking and do not abuse alcohol.

Do not eat spoiled food, porkish soup or borscht, products with expired shelf life, if you do not want to get heartburn. Some medicines may cause dyspeptic symptoms. Consult with your doctor; it will help to correct treatment.

Do not be a nervous waste; negative emotions lead from Gastritis to ulcers.

Gastritis diet

Before you start a diet, you should always consult a doctor.

If you have Gastritis with high acidity

In the language of nutritionists have the term “????” means the creation of certain health conditions. The challenge for the patient Gastritis strictly adheres to these circumstances. In patients with Gastritis with high acidity of the stomach, this decrease gastric activity. What does that require:

  • It is necessary to remove coarse food, which has a lot of fibrous tissue: radish, turnip, bread with bran, rutabaga, etc.
  • Not what foods fried in oil.
  • Avoid high soaps, rye bread, citrus juices and citrus fruits themselves, alcoholic beverages and sodas. This may initiate the allocation of secretion.
  • Eat hot food cold or very harmful, such food irritates the esophagus and can stay long in the stomach, normal digestion in the stomach temperature of 15-60 degrees.
  • Give rest to your digestive system, restrict the intake of fatty meat, pork, goose, duck, lamb. Replace chicken, rabbit.
  • Most have products with omega-3 / omega-6 unsaturated fats: fish, seafood, crab, shrimp. This is useful body products.
  • It can scrambled eggs.
  • Allowed: milk, spinach, zucchini, squash, tomatoes (without skin), green peas, asparagus, carrots, beets, lettuce, green onions, dill, parsley;
  • Sweet varieties of berries: strawberries, raspberries, strawberries;

It is strictly forbidden during acute Gastritis with high acidity:

  • Dairy products,
  • sour cheese,

Foods rich in carbohydrates: refined sugar, cakes, pastries, sweets, and chocolate, etc. These products contribute not only to weight gain, but also stimulate the inflammatory processes in the body. Completely abandon the carbohydrates not necessary, but limited to a minimum.

Diet – Gastritis with low acidity

Meals for Gastritis with low acidity is the opposite, if Gastritis with high acidity of gastric juice, we are reducing action, Gastritis with the low acidity of the stomach should encourage. But the main thing in this and another case, it is a healthy, proper nutrition.

  • Eat dead environment, do not be nervous, remember when eating on urgent problems, do not talk during meals
  • Well chew food, 30 seconds in one sitting
  • Well there in a strictly allotted time, when the stomach itself is set to the digestion of food.
  • Eat at least half an hour, do not sleep.
  • Eat roughly undulating food: cauliflower and white rolled cabbage, carrots.
  • From meat can be beef.
  • More sour milk products: kefir, yogurt, sour.
  • Milk is better to limit to a minimum.
  • Fried foods, as is the case with high acidity and the small rule also.
  • It is useful to drink, carbonated mineral water before meals. Carbonated drinks stimulate the production of gastric juices.

Which diet is useful in both types of Gastritis

Do not deny yourself the foods rich in protein, but abuse. Provide the body with the influx of all the essential vitamins and minerals, in the winter is better to take metal compound. Vitamins are best taken immediately after a meal, so they are better absorbed.

Eating meat is better to have the use of vegetable protein meat is better absorbed with vitamin Group-B.

From spices select more parsley and dill, celery avoids sharp pepper and garlic, fresh onions.

Eat little and often span of about three hours do not arrange any snacks, hot dogs, and sandwiches, which will result in an ulcer.

The last meal should be at least three hours before bedtime.

Gastritis recipes

Cream of carrot (diet number 2)

  • 300 g of carrots
  • 1 tbsp. Spoon flour
  • 20 g butter
  • one egg
  • 2 tbsp. Spoons of milk
  • broth

Carrot Wash, peel, cut into small pieces and boiled in a meat broth. Then remove the carrots, rub through a sieve and put it in the food again. Flour fried in butter, not diluted with plenty of food, to introduce this mixture into the soup, bring it to a boil and remove from heat. Beat egg with milk and a thin stream, stirring constantly, pour in the soup.

Cream of cauliflower (diet number 1)

  • 300-400 g cauliflower (1 small head)
  • 5 cups of water
  • 1 cup milk
  • 1 h. Spoon flour
  • 1 egg
  • Article 2.5. Sour cream
  • sugar, salt

Cauliflower clean, wash, disassemble into small florets and cook in a specified amount of salted water. After that, the cabbage with the broth through a sieve, add the boiled milk, white sauce, and sugar, mix, take to a boil and remove from heat. Egg connect with sour cream, whisk, pour the soup and stir. To prepare the white sauce, flour should be warmed to dissolve a small amount of cabbage broth.

By kartoffeln zrazy with meat (diet number 1)

  • 150-200 grams of lean meat
  • 350 g of potatoes
  • 1 egg
  • 20 g butter
  • salt

Meat boil in salted water, cool and mince. Peel the potatoes, boil, mash with salt, egg, and butter. Formed from vegetable mass several cakes, put them on the minced meat, the edges of the cakes connect and secure. Crazy brings to readiness in a water bath.

Gastritis

Rice slimy soup (diet number 1)

  • 4 tbsp. rice spoon
  • 3 cups water
  • 5 cups of milk
  • 10 g of butter
  • One egg
  • sugar, salt

Figure bust, wash, drop into boiling salted water and cook until it completely seethes. The resulting broth through a sieve, bring to a boil and remove from heat. Beat egg with milk, add sugar and, continuously stirring, bring into congee. Put the butter, stir and cool slightly.

Chicken broth with meatballs (diet number 2)

  • 200 grams of chicken meat
  • 3 slices of white bread,
  • One liters of water
  • One carrot
  • One parsley root
  • One egg
  • salt

Chicken wash, cover with cold water, bring to a boil. Remove the foam, put peeled carrots and parsley, season with salt and cook over low heat until tender. Cooked chicken mince with a wet white bread. Add the egg, salt, stir. From the resulting molded minced meatballs, put them into the boiling broth. When the meatballs float, remove the foam and cook for another 10 minutes. Broth can drain.

Lazy Dumplings

  • 150 g of cottage cheese
  • 1 tbsp. Spoon flour
  • One egg
  • 5 h. Spoon sugar
  • 1 tbsp. Spoon sour cream

Cottage cheese through a sieve, add the flour, eggs, sugar and mix thoroughly. From the resulting thin molded sausage mass, cut it into small pieces and weld them in boiling water for 5 minutes. Ready-made dumplings with a slotted spoon to remove, put on a plate and pour the sour cream.

Rice pudding with cheese (diet number 1)

  • 5 cups of rice
  • One cup milk
  • One cup water
  • One egg
  • 100 g of cottage cheese
  • 2-2.5 h. Tablespoons sugar
  • 4 tbsp. sour cream
  • 10 g of butter
  • salt

Figure bust, wash, cook in a mixture of water and milk with a little salt, a little cold, rub through a sieve. Then add the cheese, sugar, eggs and mix thoroughly. The form of grease with butter put it in the resulting mass, cover and bring to readiness in a water bath. Ready pudding served with sour cream.

Fish soufflé (diet number 1)

  • 400 g of fish
  • 1 tbsp. spoon flour
  • 10 g of butter
  • 5 cups milk
  • 2 eggs
  • herbs, salt

The fish is cleaned, remove the bone, remove the skin, rinse, boil and cool for a couple. Then twice through a meat grinder with a fine grid. Add milk sauce, lightly salt and stir. The sauce is prepared as follows: heat the flour and dilute it with milk, stirring well to avoid lumps. Egg whites are carefully insulated from the yolks. Eggs put the stuffing and mix. Proteins whip until foam and stir, put in the filling. The form of grease, put it in a fish mince, put in a pot of boiling water, cover and cook until ready. Serve the soufflé with herbs.

Meat steam cutlets (diet number 1)

  • 200 grams of lean beef
  • 1 tbsp. Spoon bread crumbs
  • 5 cups of water
  • Only one egg
  • salt

Meat wash, cut into small pieces, mince with a fine grid. Breadcrumbs pour boiling water and leave for as long as they do not swell. Minced meat combines with breadcrumbs, salt, add egg and mix thoroughly. From the resulting minced meat formed into small patties, put them in a colander or sieve set over a pot of cooking water, cover and cook until ready.

Chicken cutlets (diet number 2)

  • 400 grams of chicken meat
  • 80 g breadcrumbs
  • 5 cups milk
  • a egg
  • 80 g butter
  • salt

Breadcrumbs Pour milk and mix thoroughly. Meat twice through a meat grinder, combine with breadcrumbs and egg, salt to taste, mix well. From the resulting minced meat formed into patties. Preheat a frying pan, melt the butter in it and fry patties on both sides, place in oven and cook until ready.

Potato patties with cheese (diet number 2)

  • 8 potato tubers
  • 60 g cheese
  • One egg
  • 2 tbsp. Tablespoons flour
  • 40 g butter
  • 4 tbsp. Sour cream
  • salt

Peel the potatoes, boil for a couple, cool slightly and stretch. Cheese grater, add to the potatoes and mix. After that, put 1 tbsp. A spoonful of flour and eggs, and again all mix well. From the resulting mass formed into small patties, roll them in flour and fry in butter on both sides. Serve with sour cream.

Fish in batter (diet number 2)

  • 300 g of fish fillets
  • 2 eggs
  • 1 tbsp. Spoon flour
  • 2 tbsp. Spoons of milk
  • vegetable oil
  • salt

Fish fillets cut into pieces, add salt and let stand for 30-40 minutes in the cold. Prepare the batter: Combine the flour, egg yolks, and milk and mix gently introduce the beaten egg whites and mix well again. Preheat a frying pan, heat the oil on it. Sliced filet dipped in batter and fried in butter on both sides.

Baked apples (diet number 1)

  • 2 sour-sweet apple
  • 2 hours. The sugar spoon
  • 2 hours. The spoon of jam

Apples are thoroughly washed, wipe, carefully remove the core so that the bottom of the left bottom of a beautiful. The indentations add sugar. Put apples on a baking sheet and place in preheated oven on low heat. Bring to a readiness (the skin should redden, become soft apple).

Gastritis

Jelly sour (diet number 2)

  • 100 grams of yogurt
  • 25g sugar
  • 3 g gelatin
  • Cinnamon powder to taste

Yogurt combine with sugar and cinnamon, mix well. Gelatin pours cold water. When it swells, warm it over low heat, constantly stirring, drain and cool. After that gelatin enters into yogurt, stirred, poured into a mold and cooled.

Berry Mousse with semolina (diet number 1 and 2)

  • 1 cup berries
  • 1 tbsp. A spoon of semolina
  • 5 cups of water
  • 1 tbsp. Sugar Spoon

Berries wash, dry and squeeze. Marc pours cold water, boil and strain again bring to a boil, add sugar, stir, thin stream, continuously stirring, add the semolina and bring it up to readiness. Remove from heat, cool slightly (40-50 degrees), whisk and pour into a mold. The berry juice to add a little sugar and feed it to the mousse.

Curd cream (diet number 1 and 2)

  • 200 g of cottage cheese
  • 1 Egg
  • 30 g butter
  • 50 g sour cream
  • 1 tbsp. sugar spoon
  • vanillin

Egg beat with sugar put on low heat and, constantly stirring, heat. Remove from heat, add the butter, mix, and chill. Cottage cheese combines with sour cream and vanilla and mixes thoroughly rub. Egg-oil mixture added to the curd, lightly beaten.

lia

This is Jennifer Lia from Phoenix, AZ, United States of America.

I respect all Visitor of Happy Healthy Life, and everything is important for me. I have more than eight years of professional experience in writing and editing. I have written articles on health, psychology, and parenting.

When I started my career as a member of the Arizona Medical Training Institute (AMTI), I proved myself as hardworking, dedicated and always willing to take on a challenge.

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